dry mouth

Xerostomia is the medical name for the sensation of dry mouth, which appears as a signal that the body is dehydrating due to high consumption of salt, alcohol, or due to heat. Also, the sensation of a dry mouth can be a sign by which the body warns you that too much stress has accumulated, which is why you need to take a break.

 If the patient feels well but the sensation of dry mouth has not disappeared, it may be a reaction caused by the more than 400 drugs recommended without medical prescription, the most dangerous being: antihistamines, diuretics, astringents, antidepressants, and some drugs recommended in case of arterial hypertension.Also, the sensation of dry mouth occurs in the case of people addicted to drugs and various other substances.

In exceptional cases, the sensation of dry mouth occurs as a result of a salivary gland injury, trauma to the neck, or as a reaction to chemotherapy or radioactive treatment. The sensation of dry mouth caused by radioactive treatment is permanent, while the sensation caused by chemotherapy is temporary. Also, there are situations when the sensation of dry mouth warns of the existence of an autoimmune disease, among which are rheumatoid arthritis and Sjogren’s syndrome. Other particular signs of Sjogren’s syndrome: the feeling of dry eyes, nasal dryness, and inflammation of the joints.

Finally, the sensation of dry mouth can signal more serious conditions: Parkinson’s, diabetes, HIV/AIDS, cystic fibrosis, hyperthyroidism, etc.

Excessive Salivation 

 Excessive salivation or sialorrhea can occur as a reaction to certain medications, especially those used to treat dry mouth or glaucoma. Also, sialorrhea can be one of the symptoms of gastrointestinal reflux disease.

Serious conditions that can be signaled by sialorrhea are gastric ulcers, liver diseases, pancreatitis, neurological diseases, esophageal obstruction, or cancer. On a positive note, it should be mentioned that excessive salivation is also one of the symptoms that occur during pregnancy.


The tongue is covered with papillae, and some of these constitute the human taste buds. Like hair, they grow permanently.Compared to the front, the papillae in the back of the tongue are significantly closer to one another. Also, they tend to be longer, which makes them more vulnerable to bacteria and fungal infections. In a word, many diseases can appear at the level of the tongue.

Greenish-Brown Tongue

 The pathological state of the tongue, which has a greenish-brown appearance, is called the black tongue or lingua villosa nigra. The tongue acquires this appearance because bacteria and food debris accumulate on its surface and the patient does not have proper hygiene.

Also, patients who smoke excessively may have a greenish-brown shade of the tongue. Paradoxically, this situation also arises from the excessive use of mouthwash. Patients with this problem also suffer from bad breath.

The causes of this condition can also be treatments with some antibiotics or with medicines containing bismuth – a substance found especially in medicines indicated for the treatment of gastric diseases. White tongue If in some places the tongue begins to have a lighter shade, it may simply be the remains of toothpaste, or this discoloration may appear as a reaction to mouthwash containing peroxide. The white tongue can also indicate that the patient recently had a fever, that he smokes a lot, or that he follows a low-fiber diet. In oral candidiasis, the tongue is covered with a whitish deposit.

Swollen And Red Tongue

 If the tongue seems to resemble a steak and spicy foods cause you to burn, these are the classic signs of a condition called atrophic glossitis – a condition characterized by the loss of the protective papillae of the tongue. This condition occurs predominantly among the elderly and indicates that their teeth are not healthy and are always damaged due to rubbing with the tongue.At the same time, the red and swollen tongue can indicate a vitamin B deficiency or the presence of oral candidiasis.

 Fissures Of The Tongue

 The small cracks on the surface of the tongue are known under the medical name of the scrotal tongue – a hereditary condition found in more than 5% of the US population and more than 20% of the world’s population and occurs mainly among men.This condition tends to evolve with age. Although it seems to be a serious condition, the scrotal tongue is benign, and when bacteria accumulate in the fissures, Helena can appear.In some cases, small cracks on the tongue are one of the symptoms of Miescher-Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome – a condition characterized by swelling of the lips.

Smooth Tongue

 If the tongue is smooth and colorless, it can signal various nutritional deficiencies, such as the lack of folic acid, vitamin B, or iron. As a consequence, the tongue loses its protective layer, becoming very sensitive. A red and smooth tongue indicates the condition called pernicious anemia, characterized by a deficiency of vitamin B12 or malabsorption syndrome – an intestinal condition in which the intestine does not effectively absorb nutritional substances.

If a single red or white spot appears on the smooth tongue, the patient can be diagnosed with median rhomboidal glossitis – a congenital anomaly that presents itself as a small round protrusion located on the dorsal side of the tongue.

Spots That Move Your Tongue’s Surface.

Geographic tongue, also known as transient innocuous glossitis.changing areas on the tongue’s surface that are characteristic. The surface of a geographic tongue shows irregular spots caused by the lack of papillae, giving it the appearance of a map.The spots appear on a certain portion, then disappear, to reappear in another part of the tongues. The spots can be white and irregular or red and smooth. Geographic tongues is a benign condition, and although its causes are not known, this condition seems to be inherited from the family. While the ailment is not unpleasant, it should be noted that patients occasionally exhibit sensitivity to spicy foods.

Involuntary Movements Of The Tongue

Try to keep your tongue still while looking in the mirror with your mouth open. You will notice that it is almost impossible because a normal tongues will twitch, appearing as if it has a motor tic.The involuntary movements of the tongues can lead to the diagnosis of essential tremor – a condition that occurs in over 10 million people in the USA, which evolves slowly and, as a rule, does not affect locomotor activity. Also, involuntary movements of the tongues can also appear in the case of patients with Parkinson’s or multiple sclerosis. The cause of this condition can also be a reaction to some drugs recommended for the treatment of anxiety and some mental disorders; it can also occur among patients with hyperthyroidism. Dental Clinic, We do care about your smile.