Menopause is a natural biological process that marks the end of a woman’s reproductive years. It typically occurs between the ages of 45 and 55, although it can happen earlier or later. Menopause occurs when the ovaries stop producing eggs, leading to a decrease in the levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone.
Taking care of your health before, while and after menopause is important. This blog brings you the signs and symptoms and health risks to look out for along with tips to deal with the symptoms from the best female gynaecologists in Dubai.
Signs & Symptoms
During the menopausal transition, a woman’s body undergoes a number of changes, which can cause a variety of symptoms. These may include:
- Hot flashes: Sudden feelings of warmth, often accompanied by sweating and a rapid heartbeat.
- Night sweats: Hot flashes that occur during the night, which can cause disrupted sleep.
- Vaginal dryness: A decrease in estrogen can cause vaginal tissues to become dry and thin, leading to discomfort during sex and an increased risk of vaginal infections.
- Mood changes: Many women experience mood swings, irritability, or depression during the menopausal transition.
- Sleep disturbances: Sleep may become more difficult due to night sweats, hot flashes, or other symptoms.
- Changes in libido: Some women may experience a decrease in sex drive during the menopausal transition.
- Changes in the menstrual cycle: Periods may become lighter, heavier, or more irregular before stopping altogether.
While menopause is a natural part of ageing, it can be a challenging time for many women. Treatment options are available to help manage symptoms and improve quality of life, including hormone therapy, vaginal estrogen therapy, and other medications. It’s crucial for women to speak with their gynaecologists to discuss their individual symptoms and develop a treatment plan that is right for them.
Stages of Menopause
There are three stages of menopause:
This is the transitional stage leading up to menopause. During perimenopause, a woman’s body undergoes hormonal changes that can cause a range of symptoms, including irregular periods, hot flashes, night sweats, mood swings, vaginal dryness, and changes in libido. Perimenopause can last several years and ends when a woman has gone 12 consecutive months without a period.
This is the point in time when a woman has not had a menstrual period for 12 consecutive months. Menopause marks the end of a woman’s reproductive years and is characterized by a significant decline in the production of the hormones estrogen and progesterone. The symptoms are similar to those in the perimenopause stage.
- Post menopause
This is the period of time after menopause. During post menopause, a woman’s body continues to adjust to the hormonal changes that occurred during menopause. Women may continue to experience some symptoms, but they are typically less severe than during perimenopause and menopause.
Women in post menopause are at increased risk for certain health conditions, such as osteoporosis and heart disease, due to the loss of estrogen.
- Osteoporosis: After menopause, women are at a higher risk of developing osteoporosis because of the loss of estrogen, which helps maintain bone density.
- Heart disease: After menopause, women’s risk of developing heart disease increases due to the loss of estrogen, which has a protective effect on the heart.
- Urinary incontinence: After menopause, women are more likely to experience urinary incontinence, which can be caused by weakened pelvic muscles.
- Weight gain: Many women experience weight gain after menopause, which can be caused by a decrease in metabolism, changes in hormone levels, and decreased physical activity.
- Increased risk of certain cancers: Women after menopause are at a higher risk of developing breast, ovarian, and uterine cancer.
How to Deal with the Symptoms?
Here are some ways to deal with menopause symptoms:
- Hormone replacement therapy (HRT): HRT involves taking medications that replace the hormones that the body is no longer producing. This can help relieve many of the symptoms of menopause.
- Lifestyle changes: Adopting healthy lifestyle habits like regular exercise, a balanced diet, stress reduction, and adequate sleep can help manage the symptoms of menopause.
- Medications: Over-the-counter medications like ibuprofen, aspirin, and acetaminophen can help alleviate symptoms like hot flashes and headaches.
- Alternative therapies: Acupuncture, meditation, and yoga have been shown to be helpful in relieving menopause symptoms for some women.
- Support: Talking with friends, family, or a support group can help alleviate the emotional symptoms associated with menopause.
The severity and duration of symptoms can vary greatly from person to person and not all may experience these symptoms. It’s essential to talk with expert gynaecologists in Abu Dhabi about your health condition and the best treatment options for you.
Women who are experiencing menopause should talk with their healthcare provider to develop an individualised treatment plan that can help manage their symptoms and reduce the risk of serious health problems.
While menopause can be challenging, with the right treatment and support, women can continue to lead happy and healthy lives well into their post-reproductive years. It’s essential to take care of oneself and to have a positive outlook on this natural transition.